Baptism of water is a WITNESS of a COVENANT that has already been made, more on this in an upcoming post.
Mosiah (LDS 18:10) (RLDS 9:41) Now I say unto you, if this be the desire of your hearts, what have you against being BAPTIZED in the NAME OF THE LORD, AS A WITNESS before Him that ye HAVE ENTERED INTO A COVENANT with Him, that ye will SERVE HIM and KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS, that He may pour out His SPIRIT MORE ABUNDANTLY upon you?
Scriptures teach that Baptism is the first fruit of repentance.
Moroni (LDS 8:25) (RLDS 8:29) And the FIRST FRUITS OF REPENTANCE IS BAPTISM; and baptism cometh by faith unto the fulfilling the commandments; and the fulfilling the commandments bringeth remission of sins;
Baptism of water always comes before Baptism of fire, even in Helaman 5. A keyword that most don’t consider regarding Helaman 5 is dissenters.
Book of Mormon teaches that members in good standing (including elders, priests and teachers) should be rebaptized.
I will suggest to you, one way to know if are forgiven or not is to get rebaptized and see what happens. I show examples of rebaptism later. Alma is commanding all members of the church to be rebaptized, and inviting non-members to be baptized in (LDS 5:62) (RLDS 3:108): Alma (LDS 5:62) (RLDS 3:108) I speak by way of COMMAND unto you that BELONG to the CHURCH; and unto THOSE WHO DO NOT BELONG to the CHURCH I speak by way of INVITATION, saying: COME AND BE BAPTIZED unto REPENTANCE, THAT ye also may be PARKAKERS of the FRUIT of the TREE OF LIFE. Moroni (LDS 6:1) (RLDS 6:1-2) is showing that those who hold callings were baptized. To be an elder, priest or teacher you would have already had to been baptized. This is not saying they were baptized to have these offices, but they were already holding this office and then were baptized. Moroni (LDS 6:1) (RLDS 6:1-2) And now I speak concerning baptism. Behold, elders, priests, and teachers WERE BAPTIZED; and they were not baptized save they brought forth fruit meet that they were worthy of it. In Moroni (LDS 8:10) (RLDS 8:11) parents who wanted their children to be baptized too young, were told to be baptized themselves. In general only parents who are baptized themselves already would want their own children baptized. Moroni (LDS 8:10) (RLDS 8:11) Behold I say unto you that this thing shall ye teach—repentance and baptism unto those who are ACCOUNTABLE and capable of committing sin; yea, teach PARENTS that they MUST REPENT and be BAPTIZED, and humble themselves as their little children, and they shall all be saved with their little children. Bishops are JUDGEs of Israel
Here are some additional scriptures from the Book of Mormon that teach rebaptism.
3 Nephi (LDS 19:11-13) (RLDS 9:12-14) [keep in mind that Nephi was baptized earlier] 11 And it came to pass that Nephi went down into the water and was [RE]BAPTIZED. 12 And he came up out of the water and began to baptize. And he baptized all those whom Jesus had chosen. 13 And it came to pass when they were all baptized and had come up out of the water, the Holy Ghost did fall upon them, and they were filled with the Holy Ghost and with fire. Alma (LDS 7:14-15) (RLDS 5:24-27) 14 Now I say unto you that ye must repent, and be born again [baptism]; for the Spirit saith if ye are not born again [baptism] ye cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven; therefore come and be baptized [rebaptized because of the audience] unto repentance, that ye may be washed from your sins, that ye may have faith on the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world, who is mighty to save and to cleanse from all unrighteousness. 15 Yea, I say unto you come and fear not, and lay aside every sin, which easily doth beset you, which doth bind you down to destruction, yea, come and go forth, and show unto your God that ye are willing to repent of your sins and enter into a covenant with him to keep his commandments, and WITNESS it unto him this day by going into the waters of baptism [rebaptized because of the audience].
Here are some scriptures from the Bible that teaches rebaptism. The Rebaptism article at OpenBible lists 100 New Testament verses on the subject. Rebaptism: A Detailed Study is a good article about the rebaptisms in Acts 19.
Acts 19:3-6 3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John’s baptism. 4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. 5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied. Revelation 2:1-5 1 Unto the angel of the CHURCH OF EPHESUS [already baptized] write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks; 2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast TRIED THEM which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars: 3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name’s sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted. 4 Nevertheless I have somewhat AGAINST THEE, because thou hast left thy first love. 5 Remember therefore from whence thou art FALLEN [SINNED], and REPENT, and do the FIRST WORKS [BAPTISM, AGAIN]; :OR ELSE [REQUIREMENT] I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
I do not believe that Yeshua’s/Jesus’ baptism when He was 30 (recorded in Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-23, John 1:29-34, 2 Nephi (LDS 31:4-17) (RLDS 13:6-24)) was the first time He was baptized, for starters D&C (LDS 68:25) (RLDS 68) (1835 22) (1844 22) teaches us we should be baptized when we are eight years old.
D&C (LDS 68:25) (RLDS 68) (1835 22) (1844 22) And again, inasmuch as parents have children in Zion, or in any of her stakes which are organized, that teach them not to understand the doctrine of repentance, faith in Christ the Son of the living God, and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of the hands, WHEN EIGHT YEARS OLD, the sin be upon the heads of the parents.
Joseph Smith taught rebaptism.
Nearly all the Church have been BAPTIZED AGAIN [REBAPTISM] for the remission of their sins SINCE THEY JOINED THE CHURCH. I have also by the hands of brother Joseph (as he himself has been [REBAPTIZED]) & I would advise Jan and you Mary to attend to it as soon as you can have the opportunity of an elder or priest of the Church to administer it [REBAPTISM]. Jacob Scott letter to Mary Scott Wamockrn, 28 February 1843 In 1833, I found the Book of Mormon. I read the book, believed in the book that it was what it was represented to be. My mind thus being prepared to receive the gospel accordingly, in the month of April 1835, myself and my wife both united with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [BAPTIZED]. …April 11th, 1841 Joseph [Smith] and Sidney [Rigdon] [RE]BAPTIZED each other for the remission of their sins as this order was then instituted in the Church. Accordingly, on the 27th of April , I was [RE]BAPTIZED for the remission of my sins. William Huntington Sr, Journal/autobiography I attended meeting. Elder Erastus Snow preached, after which I addressed the congregation, and particularly the Elders, on the principles of wisdom, etc. President Rigdon preached in the afternoon, and several were confirmed among whom was Frederick G. Williams, who had recently been RE-BAPTIZED. Aug. 5, 1838, Documentary History of the church, Volume 3, page 55 After the meeting closed the congregation again assembled upon the bank of the river & Joseph the seer went into the river & Baptized all that Came unto him & I considered it my privilege to be [RE]BAPTIZED for the remission of my sins for I HAD NOT BEEN SINCE I first Joined the Church in 1833 [BAPTIZED]. I was then Baptized under the hands of Elder Zerah Pulsipher. Therefore I went forth into the river & was [RE]BAPTIZED under the hands of JOSEPH THE SEER & likewise did Elder J Taylor & many others… Wilford Woodruff, Journal, March 27, 1842 From the autobiography of Joseph Holbrook: “After my wife’s death, I was REBAPTIZED in the Mississippi River by Brigham Young.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals Other entries in Warren Foote’s journal: “8th. [May 1842] Sunday. A very large congregation assembled to meeting. Sidney Rigdon preached. In the afternoon there were many baptized in the font in the basement of the Temple and forty three in the Mississippi River. They were MOSTLY REBAPTISMS.” “[MAY, 1844] 26th. Attended meeting at Bro. J. Clark’s. After meeting I REBAPTIZED Elihu Allen, Joseph Clark, and John B. Carpenter. We ordained E. Allen [a] priest, and Joseph Clark [a] teacher. It is so wet that we cannot plant corn.” “[JUNE, 1844] 9th. Sunday. My wife with five others were REBAPTIZED by Elder J. B. Carpenter.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals From the journal of Warren Foote: “24th. [March 1842] This is the day that I have appointed to go down into the waters of baptism and thereby fulfill the covenant I made to the Lord when I was near death’s door. The meeting was at Elder Jacob Myers house about one mile from Father’s. I walked down there and in company with Amos Kimmins, Franklin Allen, and his wife, Samuel Myers, and Lovina Myers, was baptized by Daniel A. Miller, President of this branch, between five and six o’clock P.M. The foregoing named persons, had BOON BAPTIZED BEFORE, AND NOW FELT TO RENEW THEIR COVENANTS. As it was concluded to have an evening meeting I thought that I would stay to it. The wind blew up from the north very cool and in going home, I took cold.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals This is from the autobiography of Benjamin F. Johnson: “In the spring of 1835 before I was baptized, my mother and all her children met at the house of my sister, Delcena Sherman, to receive from Patriarch Joseph Smith, Sr., our patriarchal blessings. He blessed all according to age until be came to Joseph E. and myself, when he placed his hands first upon my head. My mother told him I was the youngest, but he said that mattered not–to me was the first blessing; and in blessing me, among other great and glorious things, he told me the Lord would call me to do the work of brother Seth, who had been called away by death. In this promise there was to me more joy than ever before I had known; my dear brother was not to be robbed of his blessings, and if I could only live faithfully his work would be done, and I should do it for him. I felt this was the greatest boon the Lord could bestow upon me. …Soon after this, I overstepped my father’s objections and was baptized by Elder Lyman Johnson… On the 13th of October  we crossed the Mississippi at Louisiana, and began to hear of great troubles among the Mormons at Far West, and we were warned of the great danger of proceeding, but our camp was only stirred to greater desire to go on. Here I remembered my former purpose to RENEW MY COVENANT BY BAPTISM, and as one of my associates, D. D. McArthur, was to be baptized, I went with him and was baptized by Henry Hariman. [Harriman]” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals The following comes from the autobiography/journal of Lyman O. LittleField: “My mother lingered for four or five days after my arrival. In the warmest terms she expressed her thankfulness to her Heavenly Father that I had come to be with her through her sickness. I conversed with her freely concerning the doctrines and principles of the Church, in relation to all of which she expressed her firm belief, and SPOKE OF HER GREAT DESIRE TO GET WELL THAT SHE MIGHT RENEW HER COVENANT BY BEING REBAPTIZED. She felt that this would be a great satisfaction inasmuch as she had been absent from the Church for several years. She said this had been her desire for a long time, but she had put it off from time to time. “But now,” she said, “if the Lord permits me to get well, I will attend to it, and nothing shall hinder me.'” Also there was this not later in the journal: “While there [Kirtland] I made the acquaintance of Brother Luman Heath and wife and REBAPTIZED her mother in the Shagrin River for the RENEWAL of her covenant, according to her desire. I also made the acquaintance of Brother and Sister Kent and many others.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals Daniel Tyler recorded some teachings that he learned from Joseph Smith: “About the time the doctrine of REBAPTISM FOR MEMBERS IN THE CHURCH was first revealed in Nauvoo, Joseph, the great seer and revelator to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, made some remarks on the subject: On one occasion he read, among other scriptures, Hebrews, 6th chapter, 1st and 2nd verses, as follow: Therefore, leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, of faith toward God, Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment. The Prophet said the first verse should read: “Therefore, not leaving the first principles of the doctrine of Christ, etc.” This explanation not only made the entire subject of the two verses clear but reconciled them with other scriptures. Notwithstanding Paul is made to say “leaving,” etc., the inference is clear that if the foundation of repentance, baptism and the LAYING ON OF HANDS SHOULD BE RELAID they would have to PERFORM THOSE WORKS OVER AGAIN, as every careful reader of the text must see. This also corroborates a revelation to the Church of Ephesus: Remember, therefore, from whence thou art fallen, and repent and do the FIRST WORSK [BAPTISM]. All latter-day Saints know that the FIRST WORKS AFTER REPENTANCE ARE BAPTISM AND THE LAYING ON OF HANDS for the reception of the Holy Ghost. Here we find a PRESIDING ELDER of a branch or ward of the CHURCH COMMANDED TO PERFORM THESE WORKS OVER AGAIN, UNDER PAIN OF REMOVAL IF HE FAILED TO OBJEY THE DIVIN BEHEST. Many more passages might be quoted to the same effect, but these are sufficient for my purpose. Joseph’s translation not only reconciles the text with itself, but also with other scriptures, as already shown, and as was explained by the Prophet.'” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals …Joseph Smith and those who had been baptized prior to April 6, 1830, were again baptized on the day of the organization of the Church. Deseret News, March 30, 1935, page 6 For many years [in the nineteenth century] it had been common for members to REDEDICATE themselves to building up the Kingdom through REBAPTISM. This practice was not considered essential to salvation but was a symbol of rededication. On other occasions the Saints were REBAPTIZED as a symbolic gesture related to blessings for their HEALTH, entry into the United Order, preparation for marriage and even for going to the temple if they had not been there for some time. … As with nearly every public and private practice of Nauvoo during the lifetime of Joseph Smith, REBAPTISM was institutionalized by Brigham Young as he built the Kingdom of God throughout the Great Basin of the American West. … The practice of REBAPTISM for rededication, renewal, reformation, HEALTH, and preparation for temple ordinances continued throughout the nineteenth century. Although some REBAPTISM ordinances, such as for HEALTH and rededication, continued to be performed as late as 1913 in the temples, the LDS Presidency decided during the administration of Joseph F. Smith that since REBAPTISM ordinances had always been supplementary to such principles and ordinances as individual repentance, partaking of the Sacrament, and priesthood blessing of the sick, it would be wise to discontinue a practice that might tend to diminish the importance of the primary principles and ordinances upon which REBAPTISM was predicated. The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies, 1978, 18:2
The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo by D. Michael Quinn in the BYU Studies Quarterly Volume 18 Issue 2 Article 9 (backup) is a scan of 7 pages about Joseph Smith teaching rebaptism.
Joseph Smith rebaptized Emma to heal her instead of giving her a blessing. I honestly wonder if Joseph Smith got the idea to rebaptize Emma for health from 2 Kings 5:8-14.
Wednesday, 5. — My dear Emma was worse. Many fears were entertained that she would not recover. She was BAPTIZED TWICE in the river, which evidently DID HER MUCH GOOD. She grew worse again at night, and continued very sick indeed. I was unwell, and much troubled on account of Emma’s sickness. Thursday, 6. — Emma is better; and although it is the day on which she generally grows worse, yet she appears considerably easier. May the Lord speedily raise her to the bosom of her family, that the heart of His servant may be comforted again. Amen. My health is comfortable. History of the Church, Volume 5, 4-6 October 1842, pages 167-168 2 Kings 5:8-14 10 And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan [water] seven times, and thy flesh shall come again to thee [healed], and thou shalt be clean [pure, baptism]. 13 And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean [pure, baptism]? 14 Then went he down, and dipped [immerse, baptism] himself seven times in Jordan [water], according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child [healed], and he was clean [pure, baptism]. From the autobiography of Joseph Hovey: “… there was a committee appointed by the God of Israel to superintend those houses in the fall of 1840 … In the meanwhile, my wife, Martha, was sick, even abortion took place and she was very low. But she was HEALED BY GOING TO THE BAPTISMAL FONT AND WAS IMMERSED FOR HER HEALTH” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals
Brigham Young and other LDS / Brighamite leaders also used to teach rebaptism for health.
for there we have a font that has been erected, dedicated expressly for BAPTIZING people for the remission of sins, FOR THEIR HEALTH Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses, Volume 16, page 186 Oftentimes Latter-day Saints had been REBAPTIZED in conjunction with important MILESTONES, such as marriage or entering the United Order or SOMETIMES FOR IMPROVEMENT OF HEALTH. These REBAPTISMS were RECORDED on Church MEMBERSHIP RECORDS. Conference Report, Oct. 1897, page 68 From the journal/autobiography of Joseph Lee Robinson pgs 420-421: “November 1891. Aunt Jane Slade died November 21st, 1891. She is gone. We tried to save her from death. The Lord told me he would forgive her and that I might bless her and if she would believe she should remain for a season and enjoy her new home and the society of her friends and have time to reflect and prepare to meet her God, We were really in hopes we could get her well enough that she could come and stop with us awhile, that we might get sufficient faith in her that she might get REBAPTIZED, renew her covenants and BAPTIZED FOR HER HEALTH. ” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals From the autobiography/journal of Allen Russel: “Thursday [May 1899] 11 – I did work for William and was BAPTIZED FOR ME HEALTH and a man for Brother Ashman, then I was administered too.” Also he wrote: “Tuesday [October 1899] 24 – We went to the temple and Brother Ashman set as a witness. I was BAPTIZED FOR MY HEALTH and administered to Horace Thorton being mouth and Brother Van Stewart baptizing me.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals Helen Whitney’s diary recorded: “The evening of the 16th, after witnessing the death of Brother William Gheen, who died at 7 o’clock in the evening, father took Sarah and Sister Winchester to the river and BAPTIZED THEM FOR THEIR HEALTH.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals Upon arriving at Pisgah, Lorenzo and members of his family remained for a season. "At this place," Lorenzo said, "I was taken SERIOUSLY and DANGEROUSLY ILL with a burning fever, which so affected my brain that I was delirious many days, lying at the point of death. While in this condition, Elder Phineas Richards, the father of Apostle F. D. Richards, assisted by other kind brethren, took me from my bed, wrapped in a sheet placed me in a carriage, drove to a stream of WATER, and [RE]BAPTIZED me in the name of the Lord, FOR MY RECOVERY. The fever IMMEDIATELY ABATED [LESSENED], and through the kind unwearied nursing and attention by my faithful, loving wives, and my dear sister, E.R.S. Smith, aided and sanctified through the power and blessing of God, I was DELIVERED FROM SUFFERING AND RESTORED TO HEALTH. The sickness was the result of extreme hardships and exposures consequent on the journey. Life of L. Snow, 1846, Romney, page 80-81 Mrs. Richards was taken by her brother from a SICK BED to a lake [water] from the surface of which ice more than a foot thick had been removed, and there [RE]BAPTIZED, whereupon she IMMEDIATELY RECOVERED. Similar cases might be given by the score. Bancroft's History of Utah, page 337 For many years [in the nineteenth century] it had been common for members to REDEDICATE themselves to building up the Kingdom through REBAPTISM. This practice was not considered essential to salvation but was a symbol of rededication. On other occasions the Saints were REBAPTIZED as a symbolic gesture related to blessings for their HEALTH, entry into the United Order, preparation for marriage and even for going to the temple if they had not been there for some time. … As with nearly every public and private practice of Nauvoo during the lifetime of Joseph Smith, REBAPTISM was institutionalized by Brigham Young as he built the Kingdom of God throughout the Great Basin of the American West. … The practice of REBAPTISM for rededication, renewal, reformation, HEALTH, and preparation for temple ordinances continued throughout the nineteenth century. Although some REBAPTISM ordinances, such as for HEALTH and rededication, continued to be performed as late as 1913 in the temples, the LDS Presidency decided during the administration of Joseph F. Smith that since REBAPTISM ordinances had always been supplementary to such principles and ordinances as individual repentance, partaking of the Sacrament, and priesthood blessing of the sick, it would be wise to discontinue a practice that might tend to diminish the importance of the primary principles and ordinances upon which REBAPTISM was predicated. The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies, 1978, 18:2
Brigham Young claimed to have a revelation that we can be rebaptized and even forced the whole church to be rebaptized. I find it interesting that Brigham Young claimed a revelation for something that Joseph Smith had just taught him, rebaptism.
I know that in my traveling and preaching, many a time I have stopped by beautiful streams of clear, pure water, and have said to myself, How delightful it would be to me to go into this, to be baptized for the remission of my sins. When I got home, Joseph told me it was my privilege. At this time came a revelation, that the Saints could be baptized and RE-BAPTIZED when they chose. Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses, Volume 18, page 241 After the arrival of the Pioneers in the Salt Lake Valley, and subsequently for a considerable period, all those who entered the valley were BAPTIZED ANEW [REBAPTIZED] at the request of President Brigham Young. Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, Book 2, page 333 Temple Lot Case, page 341 Apostle Orson Pratt, Journal of Discourses, Volume 18, page 160 On the 6th of August, 1847, the twelve were [RE]BAPTIZED. This we considered a privilege and a DUTY. ... We soon repaired to the water, and President Young went down into the WATER and [RE]BAPTIZED all his brethren of the TWELVE present. He then confirmed us and sealed upon us our apostleship and all the keys, powers, and blessings belonging to that office . ... Brother Heber C. Kimball [RE]BAPTIZED and confirmed President Brigham Young. During the same evening the twelve went to City Creek, and Heber C. Young baptized fifty-five members of the camp, for the remission of sins ... On the next day (Sunday, Aug. 8th) the whole camp of ISRAEL [ALREADY BAPTIZED] RENEWED their covenants before the Lord by [RE]BAPTISM. Life of Brigham Young, page 180 Church Chronology, page 31 Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, Book 2, page 333 A statement by Orson Pratt found in the Journal of Discourses 18:156-61: “I will here state that Martin Harris, when he came to this [Utah] Territory a few years ago, was REBAPTIZED, the same as EVERY MEMBER OF THE CHURCH from distant parts is on arriving here. That seems to be a kind of standing ordinance for all Latter-day Saints who emigrate here, from the First Presidency down; all are REBAPTIZED and set out anew by renewing their covenants.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals
The LDS / Brighamite church continued to practice rebaptism
A general REFORMATION took place throughout the Church, most of the Saints RENEWING their covenants by [RE]BAPTISM. Church Chronology, page 55, talking about 1856-1857 My counsel to them today is, as it has been on former occasions to all who have come into these valleys, Go and be [RE]BAPTIZED for the remission of sins, repenting of all your wanderings from the path of righteousness, believing firmly in the name of Jesus Christ, that all your sins will be washed away. If any of you inquire what is the necessity of your being [RE]BAPTIZED, as you have not committed any sins, I answer, IT IS NECESSARY TO FULL ALL RIGHTEOUSNESS. I have heard some of you cursing and swearing, even some of the Elders of Israel [baptized members]. I would be [RE]BAPTIZED SERVEN TIMES, were I in your place; I would not stop teasing some good Elder to [RE]BAPTIZE ME AGAIN AND AGAIN, UNTIL I COULD THINK MY SINS FORGIVEN. I would not live over another night until I was [RE]BAPTIZED ENOUGH TO SATISFY ME THAT MY SINS WERE FORGIVEN. Then go and be confirmed, as you were when you first embraced the religion of Jesus. That is my counsel. Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses, Volume 2, pages 8-9 In the first place, if you were RE-BAPTIZED FOR THE REMISSION OF SINS, peradventure you may receive again the Spirit of the Gospel in its glory, light and beauty; but if your hearts are so engrossed in the things of this world, that you do not know whether you want to be RE-BAPTIZED or not, you had better shut yourselves up in some canyon or closet, to repent of your sins, and call upon the name of the Lord, until you get His spirit. Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses, Volume 1, page 324 After this, the church had another REFORMATION, and under that we were BAPTIZED the SECOND TIME and were BAPTIZED FOR THE SAME THING. You can call it what you please; but suppose it was for the remission of sins. I do not know whether we had got out of Christ then or not. . . I do not remember that I was BAPTIZED into Christ any more than THREE TIMES. Testimony of Joseph C. Kingsbury in Temple Lot Case, page 341 February 4.A REFORMATION meeting was held in No. 42 Islington, Liverpool, England, and on the following day the presiding brethren of the British Mission, including Apostles 0. Pratt and E. T. Benson, RENEWED their covenants by [RE]BAPTISM. Church Chronology, page 53 President B. Young, his Counselors and others RENEWED their covenants by [RE]BAPTISM. This example was subsequently followed by the Saints generally. Church Chronology, page 92, 1875-Jul-17 Other persons may have been baptized in their childhood and grown to be men and women, without having seriously thought of their religion, or the duties devolving upon them as members of the Church; on becoming convinced of the error of this indifference and neglect, they naturally desire to RENEW their COVENANTS by BAPTISM in order to regain the fellowship of the Saints. There would be no impropriety in RE-BAPTISM in these or in other cases of the kind. George Q. Cannon, Juvenile Instructor Volume 30, Number 8, April 15, 1895 page 243 In September 1856, as the drought continued, the trials and difficulties of the previous year led to an explosion of intense soul searching. Jedediah M. Grant, a counselor in the First Presidency and a well-known conservative voice in the extended community, preached three days of fiery sermons to the people of Kaysville, Utah territory. He called for repentance and a general recommitment to moral living and religious teachings. 500 people presented themselves for "REBAPTISM" — a symbol of their determination to reform their lives. The zealous message spread from Kaysville to surrounding Mormon communities. Church leaders traveled around the territory, expressing their concern about signs of spiritual decay and calling for repentance. Members were asked to seal their rededication with REBAPTISM. History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Later-day Saints, Wikipedia On December 30, 1856, the entire all-Mormon territorial legislature was rebaptized for the remission of their sins, and confirmed under the hands of the Twelve Apostles. History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Later-day Saints, Wikipedia Rebaptism was very common among the saints and was officially put to an end in 1897. Church History in the Fullness of Times Student Manual, page 448 From the journal of Elizabeth Brotherton: “March 19 1851 Mr. Pratt was appointed on a mission to the Pacific Coast to organize and set in order the Saints that had gone there not knowing where the church would locate. They went in the ship Brooklyn. I went with him to San Francisco, we traveled in company with A. Lyman, and C.C. Rich when they were going to San Bernerdino with a company of Saints. After a tiresome journey we arrived in San Francisco. Mr. Pratt remained there and REBAPTIZED quite a number in about two months time.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals From the journal of Milo Andrus, (1814-1893): “In the spring of 1854, I was sent to Saint Louis to preside over the stake there. Stayed there one year, REBAPTIZED and confirmed about 800 saints.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals From the autobiography of Joel H. Johnson: “At the October  Conference the heads of the Church preached the necessity of a reformation among the saints by confessing their own sins against God and their brethren and forsaking the same and by forgiving the sins of others and making restitution for all wrongs as much as possible. This glorious work of REFORMATION and restitution soon commenced in GREAT SALT LAKE CITY and spread with rapidity to all the branches of the Church; and all who confessed and restored were REBAPTIZED for the last time for the remission of their sins.” “Thursday, September 18th , I started with my wife Susan and little child accompanied by my son Nephi, with an ox team to go and visit our friends at Summit Creek in Utah County, and also in Salt Lake City, and attend the October conference, and to purchase and drive home a few sheep. We arrived at Summit Creek and Friday the 26th, and found our friends as well. We had a good visit with them and started on Tuesday the 30th for Salt Lake City, and arrived on Friday the 3rd of October, attending conference and done our business and started homeward on Friday the 10th. On our way we called at Lake City in Utah County and purchased 26 sheep, one of which died at Chicken Creek. We arrived safely home with the rest on the 25th and found all well, and was REBAPTIZED on Wednesday, 29th [October 1856], at Fort Johnson by Issac C. Height, President of the Stake of Cedar City.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals From the autobiography of Nathan T. Porter “My brother Lyman Wight Porter, took passage on… the Union Pacific, to the state of Missouri to visit our eldest sister Melinda (Malinda) Chipman, whom we had not seen for many years… A disposal was soon made of the property she had for sale, so that she, with her son Sanford, was on their way with him for SALT LAKE VALLEY… She soon RENEWED HER COVENANTS BY REBAPTISM” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals This from an early excerpt of Parley Pratt’s autobiography: “After we had arrived on the ground of GREAT SALT LAKE CITY we pitched our tents by the side of a spring of water; and, after resting a little, I devoted my time chiefly to building temporary houses, putting in crops, and obtaining fuel from the mountains. …Having REPENTED OF OUR SINS AND RENEWED OUR COVENANTS, President John Taylor and myself ADMINISTERED THE ORDIANCES OF BAPTISM, etc., TO EACH OTHER AND TO OUR FAMILIES, according to the example set by the President and pioneers who had done the same on entering the valley. These solemnities took place with us and most of our families, November 28, 1847.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals This is from a letter from Parley Pratt to Brigham Young, August 28, 1851; while he was in San Francisco: “Since I have arrived here I have been diligent in the duties of my calling every hour, and have called upon God for His Spirit to help me with all the energy I possessed, and without ceasing. The result is, the Spirit of the Lord God has been upon me continually, in such light, and joy, and testimony as I have seldom experienced. Brothers A. Lyman and C. C. Rich have been here with me some of the time; we have called together the old members and others, and preached repentance and reformation of life. We have RE-BAPTIZED many of them, and have RE-ORGANIZED the Church.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals From page 118-119 of the journal/autobiography of Joseph Lee Robinson: “Now, prior to this, after we had fairly gotten up there we called a meeting of the people for it was a nice inviting country and a good many had come upon the lands. We talked to them some, inquiring if they were able and agreeable that I should be their president and bishop and that I should select two of their members and set them apart as my counselors and would they uphold us by their prayers and faith. I wished them to make it manifest by the show of the right hand and there was a clear vote, yes… Our ward was bounded at that time north of Cherry’s settlement and south of Weber River, a very large ward, but a few people. Suffice it to say, we met together often and preached and prayed and sang songs and sometimes, spoke in tongues. We were counseled to be REBAPTIZED as we had been a long time traveling and all that wished to be Saints they should make it manifest. Consequently, there was a number baptized on the first of July, 1849 by John Harris, Joseph L. Robinson, Susan and Laurinda M., two of his wives, Daniel A. Miller, Hannah Miller, and Jacob, Lovica, James S., Susanna, Millers, and John and Olive Garner, Seth Dustin, Susanna Harris, William Harmison, all of which were confirmed by Joseph L. Robinson and Daniel A. Miller. Also on September 9th, 1849, there were baptized by Joseph L. Robinson, Maria Robinson, Oliver Lee, Ebenezer J., Anna Maria, Robinsons, William P. and Sidney R. Burton, Elizabeth, David and Alma Hess, and Clarica Jane Miller all of which were confirmed by Daniel A. Miller and John Harris. Also on September 9th were baptized by Daniel A. Miller, Benjamin and Rosanna Matilda Cross, Joel Ricks, Eleanor, Louis, and Sally Ann Ricks and Amanda Tomkins—all confirmed by Joseph L. Robinson and John Harris.” Edwin Wilde, Review of 178 early Mormon journals RE-BAPTISM as a REQUIREMENT to enter the TEMPLE was DISCONTINUED in 1893. Allen and Leonard, Story of the Latter-day Saints, John Taylor to Angus M. Cannon, Nov 15, 1877 September 17th 1886–As it was customary to get [RE]BAPTIZED to prepare for my temple ordinances, before going to the temple so as to be free from all evil and wrong… I arranged with Brother Leatham, who has charge of baptisms on the Temple Block, to be baptized… I had already made arrangements to get Ida’s recommend to be [RE]BAPTIZED and at 2 p.m. … I took Ida to the Old Endowment House and after a word of prayer and a few remarks by Brother Leatham, he [RE]BAPTIZED us and confirmed us for the RENEWAL OF OUR COVENANTS. Diary of John M. Whitaker, Book 3, p. 16 When were you born? Where were you born? When were you FIRST BAPTIZED? What is your Father's name? What was your Mother's maiden name? NO PERSON WILL BE ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE THESE BLESSINGS EXCEPT THEY HAVE BEEN REBAPTIZED. Temple recommend questions in 1877 Brother Harris was taught the necessity of being RE-BAPTIZED. He said that was new doctrine to him. Revelations 2nd Chapter was explained, that those who had lost their first love and had fallen into evils and snares, were called on to “repent and do their first works,” and that RE-BAPTISM was a part of the gospel. He claimed that he HAD NOT BEEN CUT OFF FROM THE CHURCH, but said if that was required of him it would be manifest to him by the Spirit. Soon after his arrival in UTAH he applied for [RE]BAPTISM, saying that the Spirit had made known to him that it was his duty to RENEW his covenant before the Lord. Life of Martin Harris, Millenial Star 44:87 …The proposition [REBAPTISM] was joyfully and very generally accepted by the saints. This procedure, however, must NOT be regarded as casting any doubt upon the validity of their ORIGINAL BAPTISMS, or repudiation of it as a sacrament. It was only to make more solemn the RENEWAL OF COVENANTS with God. C.H.C., B. H. Roberts, 2:286-287 I was BAPTIZED FIRST in 1832, and I was [RE]BAPTIZED the next time when I came out here to UTAH. I was baptized first for the remission of sins. Was BAPTIZED THE SECOND TIME FOR THE SAME THING. I came out here in 1847 and was REB-BAPTIZED then. When I came out here I was BAPTIZED AGAIN RENEWING MY COVENANTS and also for the REMISSION OF SINS that I might have committed in taking this long and tedious journey through all these mountains and canyons. Joseph C. Kingsbury, Temple Lot Case, page 34 For many years [in the nineteenth century] it had been common for members to REDEDICATE themselves to building up the Kingdom through REBAPTISM. This practice was not considered essential to salvation but was a symbol of rededication. On other occasions the Saints were REBAPTIZED as a symbolic gesture related to blessings for their HEALTH, entry into the United Order, preparation for marriage and even for going to the temple if they had not been there for some time. … As with nearly every public and private practice of Nauvoo during the lifetime of Joseph Smith, REBAPTISM was institutionalized by Brigham Young as he built the Kingdom of God throughout the Great Basin of the American West. … The practice of REBAPTISM for rededication, renewal, reformation, HEALTH, and preparation for temple ordinances continued throughout the nineteenth century. Although some REBAPTISM ordinances, such as for HEALTH and rededication, continued to be performed as late as 1913 in the temples, the LDS Presidency decided during the administration of Joseph F. Smith that since REBAPTISM ordinances had always been supplementary to such principles and ordinances as individual repentance, partaking of the Sacrament, and priesthood blessing of the sick, it would be wise to discontinue a practice that might tend to diminish the importance of the primary principles and ordinances upon which REBAPTISM was predicated. The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies, 1978, 18:2
In the late 1800s the LDS / Brighamite church stopped practicing rebaptism despite the fact that Joseph Smith, the Book of Mormon and the Bible teach it.
[My point] was in regard to the DISCONTINUANCE of REBAPTIZING, which previously had been customary, when cases came up and REBAPTIZING was requested by parties; and at that time we received instructions NOT TO REBAPTIZE any more. August W. Lundstrom, Reed Smoot Case, Volume 2, page 159, 1898 It is unnecessary, however, to REBAPTIZE persons merely as a renewal of their covenants every time they transgress in order that they may obtain forgiveness, for this would greatly cheapen this sacred ordinance and weaken its effectiveness. One baptism by water for the remission of sins should be enough. Joseph Fielding Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, Volume 2, page 335 Church leaders also discontinued the LONG-STANDING practice of REBAPTISM. Oftentimes Latter-day Saints had been REBAPTIZED in conjunction with important MILESTONES, such as marriage or entering the United Order or sometimes for improvement of HEALTH. These REBAPTISMS were RECORDED on Church MEMBERSHIP RECORDS. The First Presidency grew concerned that some members were substituting REBAPTISM for true repentance. In 1893, stake presidents were instructed NOT TO REQUIRE REBAPTISM of Saints wishing to attend the dedication of the Salt Lake Temple [which would imply it was required for other temple dedications], and in 1897 the practice of REBAPTISM was DISCONTINUED altogether. As President George Q. Cannon explained, “It is repentance from sin that will save you, not REBAPTISM." Conference Report, Oct. 1897, page 68 The LDS Presidency decided during the administration of Joseph F. Smith that since REBAPTISM ordinances had always been supplementary to such principles and ordinances as individual repentance, partaking of the Sacrament, and priesthood blessing of the sick, it would be wise to discontinue a practice that might tend to diminish the importance of the primary principles and ordinances upon which rebaptism was predicated. The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies, 1978, Volume 18, page 2 Rebaptism was very common among the saints and was officially put to an end in 1897. Church History in the Fullness of Times Student Manual, page 448
I have read a little of the book Rebaptism in the Book of Mormon by Tyler Kelly. And the part I have read I did enjoy, have not finished because focused on other subjects. In the little I have read, Tyler Kelly brought out examples of rebaptism in the Book of Mormon I would have not noticed on my own.
Book of Mormon teaches against baptisms for the dead.
Heck the Book of Mormon teaches against baptisms for the dead (see 2 Nephi (LDS 9:26) (RLDS 6:54-55), Mosiah (LDS 3:11) (RLDS 1:107), Mosiah (LDS 15:24) (RLDS 8:58-59), Moroni (LDS 8:22-23) (RLDS 8:25-27). Not to mention that the Book of Mormon teaches us we can not repent after we die (see 2 Nephi (LDS 2:21) (RLDS 1:107-110), Mosiah (LDS 2:33) (RLDS 1:74-75), Mosiah (LDS 15:26-27) (RLDS 8:61-65), Alma (LDS 34:32-35) (RLDS 16:228-234), Alma (LDS 42:13) (RLDS 19:94-95), Alma (LDS 42:28) (RLDS 19:111)). Moroni (LDS 8:22-23) (RLDS 8:25-27) 22 For behold that all little children are ALIVE IN CHRIST, AND ALSO all they that are WITHOUT THE LAW. For the power of redemption cometh on all them that have no law; wherefore, he that is not condemned, or he that is under no condemnation, cannot repent; and unto such BAPTISM AVAILETH NOTHING— 23 But it is MOCKERY before God, DENYING the MERCIES of CHRIST, and the POWER of his HOLY SPIRIT, and putting trust in DEAD WORKS. Mosiah (LDS 2:33) (RLDS 1:74-75) For behold, there is a wo pronounced upon him who listeth to obey that spirit; for if he listeth to obey him, and remaineth and DIETH IN HIS SINS, THE SAME DRINKETH DAMNATION TO HIS OWN SOUL; for he receiveth for his wages an EVERLASTING PUNISHMENT, having transgressed the law of God contrary to his own knowledge. The Holy Spirit and The Holy Ghost are the Same