A 22 Now the Lord had shown unto me, Abraham, the INTELLIGENCES
B that were organized before the world was; and among all these there were many of the NOBLE and GREAT ones;
A 23 And God [Elohim] saw these SOULS
B that they were GOOD, and He stood in the midst of them, and He said: These I will make my RULERS;
A for He stood among those that were SPIRITS,
B and He saw that they were GOOD;
A and He said unto me: ABRAHAM, thou art one of them;
B thou wast CHOSEN before thou wast born.
Below I have included relevant 1828 Webster’s Dictionary definition to help with what is being taught in Abraham 3:22-23. Such as ORGANIZE has to do with appointing leaders over people, which I’ll be honest I didn’t know that definition of ORGANIZE until I looked it up. But now knowing that, it fits perfectly with all the B stanzas.
1828 Webster’s Dictionary, ORGANIZE:
3) To distribute into suitable parts and APPOINT PROPER OFFICERS, that the WHOLE MAY ACT AS ONE BODY; as, to organize an army. So we say, to organize the house of representatives, which is done by the APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS and verification of the powers of the several members. So we say, a club, a party or a faction is organized, when it takes a systemized form.
In the first three A stanzas Abraham uses the words INTELLIGENCE, SOUL and SPIRIT interchangeably. And if you look at the 1828 Webster’s Dictionary definitions below they all share a core meaning and the definitions use words from the others showing their overlapping concept. In the last A stanza Abraham tells us how Elohim states that he, Abraham, is one of these INTELLIGENCE / SOUL / SPIRIT that YHWH sets apart as a ruler.
I believe it’s important to point out that Abraham and Elohim did not say offspring here, but three different words for SPIRIT.
1828 Webster’s Dictionary, INTELLIGENCE:
4) A SPIRITUAL BEING; as a created intelligence It is believed that the universe is peopled with innumerable superior intelligences.
1828 Webster’s Dictionary, SOUL:
1) The SPIRITUAL, rational and IMMORTAL substance in man, …
2) The understanding; the INTELLECTUAL PRINCIPLE. …
4) SPIRIT; ESSENCE; CHIEF PART; …
5) LIFE; ANIMATION PRINCIYLE or PART; …
6) INTERNAL POWER. …
9) ACTIVE POWER. …
12) An INTELLIGENT BEING. …
1828 Webster’s Dictionary, SPIRIT:
1) Primarily, wind; air in motion; hence, breath. All bodies have spirits and pneumatical parts within them.
5) The SOUL of man; the INTELLIGENT, IMMATERIAL and IMMORTAL part of human beings. [See SOUL] …
6) An IMMATERIAL INTELLIGENT substance. …
7) An IMMATERIAL INTELLIGENT BEING. …
12) A PERSON of activity; a man of life, vigor or enterprise.
19) An apparition; a GHOST.
In Genesis 17:4-5 YHWH tells Abraham that he is going to be a father of nations. In the Hebrew language, father is an idiom meaning leader. I believe it stems from the fact that the father is supposed to be the leader of his house aka family. I bring this up because it goes along with the B stanzas in Abraham 3:22-23 where Elohim is selecting spirits to be leaders including Abraham.
4 As for Me [God/Elohim], behold, My covenant is with thee [Abraham], and thou shalt be a FATHER of many nations. 5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a FATHER of many nations have I made thee.
Jeremiah 1:5 is very reminiscent of Abraham 3:22-23, even with all translations on Biblehub. Both are saying they were selected by YHWH for their jobs before they were born.
Jeremiah 1:5 BEFORE I [YHWH] FORMED THEE [Jeremiah] IN THE BELLY I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ORDAINED thee a prophet unto the nations.
1828 Webster’s Dictionary, CHOSEN:
1) SELECTED from a number; PICKED OUT; taken in preference; ELECTED; PREDESTINATED; designated to office.
2) SELECT; distinguished by preference; eminent.
Perhaps the most famous verse with the word chosen in it is Matthew 22:14 at the end of the parable of the Wedding Feast in Matthew 22:1-14 which alludes to the Feast of Tabernacles from Leviticus 23. In the parable the King invited everyone to come to the wedding feast but sadly not all desired to go be with the King. One was mentioned who decided not to do what was required, to put on the provided wedding garment, Yeshua’s/Jesus’ righteousness, just like what happened in 2 Nephi (LDS 14:1) (RLDS 8:65) (Isaiah 4:1), and was cast out for not doing what was necessary.
Matthew 22:14 For many are called [invited], but few are CHOSEN [SELECT/ELECT].
A I will greatly REJOICE in the LORD [YHWH],
A my SOUL shall be JOYFUL in my GOD [ELOHIM];
B for he hath CLOTHED ME with the GARMENTS OF SALVATION,
B he hath COVERED ME with the ROBE OF RIGHTEOUSNESS,
C as a BRIDEGROOM DECKETH himself with ORNAMENTS,
C and as a BRIDE ADORNETH herself with her JEWELS.
2 Nephi (LDS 31:19) (RLDS 13:27-28) And now, my beloved brethren, after ye have gotten into this strait and narrow path, I would ask if all is done? Behold, I say unto you, Nay; for ye have not come thus far save it were by the word of Christ with unshaken faith in him, RELYING WHOLLY UPON THE MERITS OF HIM WHO IS MIGHTY TO SAVE.
2 Nephi (LDS 14:1) (RLDS 8:65) (Isaiah 4:1) And in that day seven [flee seven ways see Deuteronomy 28:25] women [churches] shall take hold of one man [Yeshua/Jesus], saying, We will eat our own bread [word/oral traditions], and wear our own apparel [righteousness]: only let us be called by thy name [no scripture where a woman is called by her husband’s name], to take away our reproach [sin see Proverbs 14:34].
1 Timothy 5:8 But if any PROVIDE NOT for HIS OWN, and specially for those of HIS OWN HOUSE, he hath DENIED THE FAITH, and is WORSE THAN AN INFIDEL.
Deuteronomy 28:25 The Lord shall cause thee to be SMITTEN before thine ENEMIES: thou shalt go out one way against them, and FLEE SEVEN WAYS before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
A RIGHTEOUSNESS EXALTETH a NATION:
B but SIN is a REPROACH to any PEOPLE.
When we look at the Greek word behind chosen in Matthew 22:14 we learn it is eklektos / G1588.
Strong’s Concordance, eklektos / G1588:
Definition: select, by implication favorite
Usage: chosen out, elect, choice, select, sometimes as subst: of those chosen out by God for the rendering of special service to Him …
Knowing these additional ways eklektos / G1588 is translated helps us better understand what is being taught along with over verses that use eklektos / G1588.
JST Matthew 24:19-20 (KJV Matthew 24:22)
19 (22) All things which have befallen them, are only the beginning of the sorrows which shall come upon them; and except those days should be shortened, there should none of their flesh be saved. 20 (22) But for the ELECT’S [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] sake, according to the COVENANT [COMMANDMENTS], those days shall be shortened.
JST Matthew 24:23-24 (KJV Matthew 24:24)
23 (24) For in those days, there shall also arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if possible, they shall deceive the very ELECT [EKLLEKTOS / G1588], who are the ELECT [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] according to the COVENANT [COMMANDMENS]. 24 Behold, I speak these things unto you for the ELECT’S [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] sake.
JST Matthew 24:40 (KJV Matthew 24:31)
40 (31) For the Son of Man shall come, and He shall send his angels before Him with the great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together the remainder of His ELECT [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] from the four winds; from one end of heaven to the other.
JST Mark 13:22 (KJV Mark 13:20)
22 (20) And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved; but for the ELECT’S [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] sake, according to the COVENANT [COMMANDMENTS], those days shall be shortened.
JST Mark 13:25 (KJV Mark 13:22)
25 (22) For in those days there shall also arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch, that if possible, they shall deceive the very ELECT [EKLLEKTOS / G1588], who are the ELECT [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] according to the COVENANT [COMMANDMENTS].
JST Mark 13:44 (KJV Mark 13:27)
44 (27) For the Son of Man shall come; and He shall send His angels before Him with the great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His ELECT [EKLLEKTOS / G1588] from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
After Moses tells the mix multitude to destroy the ways of the pagans he tells them it’s because they are to be holy and chosen people.
Deuteronomy 7:6 For thou art an HOLY PEOPLE unto the Lord [YHWH] thy God [Elohim]: the Lord [YHWH] thy God [Elohim] hath CHOSEN thee to be a special people unto Himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth.
Deuteronomy 7:9 Know therefore that the Lord [YHWH] thy God [Elohim], he is God [Elohim], the faithful God [Eohim], which keepeth COVENANT and mercy with them that love Him and keep His COMMANDMENTS to a thousand generations;
Moses reminds the mixed multitude of they are to be a chosen people, in the middle of listing commandments, because keeping the commandments of YHWH is what makes them a chosen people.
Deuteronomy 14:2 For thou art an HOLY PEOPLE unto the Lord thy God, and the Lord hath CHOSEN thee to be a peculiar people unto himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth.
In 1 Peter 1:2, Peter is telling us the same thing that the elect of Elohim keep YHWH’s commandments, and Elohim knew the chosen would before they were born because of His omniscience. Ephesians 1:4 is another example of the same teaching.
1 Peter 1:2 ELECT according to the FOREKNOWLEDGE of God [Elohim] the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto OBEDIENCE AND sprinkling of the BLOOD OF JESUS [YESHUA] CHRIST [MESSIAH]: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
1828 Webster’s Dictionary, FOREKNOWLEDGE:
KNOWLEDGE of a thing BEFORE IT HAPPENS; prescience.
Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath CHOSEN us in him BEFORE the FOUNDADITON OF THE WORLD, that we should be HOLY and without blame before Him in LOVE:
John 14:15 If ye LOVE Me [Yeshua/Jesus], keep My COMMANDMENTS.
Alma (LDS 13:1-5) (RLDS 9:60-68) also talks about how men were called and set apart of YHWH Elohim before the foundations of the world on account of YHWH Elohim’s knowledge of what they would do before they did it, including keeping the commandments and teaching others to do the same.
Alma (LDS 13:1-5) (RLDS 9:60-68)
A 1 And again, my brethren, I would cite your minds forward to the time when the Lord [YHWH] God [Elohim] gave these commandments unto His children [followers];
-BA and I would that ye should remember that the Lord [YHWH] God [Elohim] ordained priests,
-BB after His holy order, which was after the order of His Son,
–C to TEACH these things [commandments] unto the people.
-BA 2 And those priests were ordained
-BB after the order of His Son, in a manner that thereby the people might know in what manner
A to look forward to His Son for REDEMPTION.
-BA 3 And this is the manner after which they were ordained—being CALLED
-BB and PREPARED FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD according to the FOREKNOWLEDEG of GOD [ELOHIM],
–C on account of their exceeding faith and good works;
—D in the first place being left to choose good or evil;
—D therefore they having chosen good,
–C and exercising exceedingly great faith,
-BA are called with a holy calling, yea, with that holy calling
-BB which was PREPARED with,
A and according to, a preparatory REDEMPTION for such.
-BA 4 And thus they have been called to this HOLY CALLING on account of their FAITH,
-BBA while others would reject the Spirit of God
-BBB on account of the hardness of their hearts and blindness of their minds,
-BA while, if it had not been for this they might have had as GREAT PRIVILEGE as their brethren.
-BA-B 5 Or in fine, in the first place they were on the same standing with their brethren;
-BA thus this HOLY CALLING being PREPARED FROM THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD
-BB for such as WOULD NOT HARDEN THEIR HEARTS,
A being in and through the ATONEMENT of the Only Begotten Son, who was prepared—
For those who see problems with the self proclaimed leaders in the restoration today as I do, in D&C (LDS 95:5) (RLDS 92) (1835 95) (1844 96) YHWH is telling us He knows many will have “Amen to [their] priesthood or [their] authority” D&C (LDS 131:37) done to them using the “many are called but few are CHOSEN” theme from Matthew 22:14 because of their deeds as described in D&C (LDS 121:34-44) which sounds eerily close to 3 Nephi (LDS 16:10) (RLDS 7:34-35).
D&C (LDS 95:5) (RLDS 92) (1835 95) (1844 96) But behold, verily I say unto you, that there are many who have been ordained among you, whom I have called but FEW of them are CHOSEN.
D&C (LDS 121:34-44)
34 Behold, there are MANY CALLED, BUT FEW ARE CHOSEN. And WHY ARE THEY NOT CHOSEN? 35 BECAUSE THEIR HEARTS ARE SET SO MUCH UPON THE THINGS OF THIS WORLD, and aspire to the honors of men, that they do not learn this one lesson— 36 That the RIGHTS OF THE PRIESTHOOD ARE INSEPARABLY CONNECTED WITH THE POWERS OF HEAVEN, and that the powers of heaven cannot be controlled nor handled ONLY UPON THE PRINCIPLES OF RIGHTEOUSNESS. 37 That they may be conferred upon us, it is true; but when we undertake to COVER OUR SINS, or to GRATIFY OUR PRIDE, our VAIN AMBITION, or to EXERCISE CONTROL or DOMINION or COMPULSION upon the souls of the children of men, in any degree of unrighteousness, behold, the HEAVENS WITHDRAW themselves; the SPIRIT OF THE LORD [YHHW] IS GRIEVED; and when it is withdrawn, AMEN [DONE AWAY] TO the PRIESTHOOD or the AUTHORITY of that man. 38 Behold, ere he is aware, he is left unto himself, to KICK AGAINST THE PRICKS, to PERSECUTE THE SAINTS, and to FIGHT AGAINST GOD [ELOHIM]. 39 We have learned by sad experience that it is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominion. 40 Hence MANY ARE CALLED, BUT FEW ARE CHOSEN. 41 No power or influence can or ought to be maintained by virtue of the priesthood, only by PERSUASION, by LONG-SUFFERING, by GENTLENESS and MEEKNESS, and by LOVE UNFEIGNED; 42 By kindness, and pure knowledge, which shall greatly enlarge the soul without hypocrisy, and without guile— 43 REPROVING betimes with SHARPNESS, when moved upon by the Holy Ghost; and then showing forth afterwards an INCREASE OF LOVE toward him whom thou hast REPROVED, lest he esteem thee to be his enemy; 44 That he may know that thy faithfulness is stronger than the cords of death.
3 Nephi (LDS 16:10) (RLDS 7:34-35) And thus commandeth the Father that I should say unto you: At that day when the GENTILES shall SIN AGAINST my GOSPEL, and shall REJECT the FULNESS of my GOSPEL, and shall be LIFTED UP IN THE PRIDE OF THEIR HEARTS above all nations, and above all the people of the whole earth, and shall be FILLED with all manner of LYINGS, and of DECEITS, and of MISCHIEFS, and all manner of HYPOCRISY, and MURDERS, and PRIESTCRAFTS, and WHOREDOMS, and of SECRET ABOMINATIONS; and if they shall do all those things, and shall reject the fulness of my gospel, behold, saith the Father, I will bring the fulness of my gospel from among them.